Monday, August 1, 2011

Mining and visualizing twitter from RStudio in EC2

Here's code I'm going to use for my ICPSR class today. This is set up to run immediately from an EC2 instance of my AMI agongRStudio2 (ID:ami-1bb47272). It's the simplest introduction to text mining I've been able to pull together so far.

Step-by-step instructions for getting started in EC2 are here (pdf and docx). These are intended to get you started in command-line R. For this exercise, we want to use the RStudio GUI instead, so there are a few changes.

1. On step 6, use this Community AMI:
agongRStudio2 / ami-1bb47272

2. On step 8, you don't need to download the keypair. "Proceed without a keypair" instead.

2. On step 9, you also need to enable port 8787, the port the RStudio server uses.

3. On step 11 stop following the tutorial. Instead, open up your EC2 URL in your browser, with port 8787. It will look something like this:

4. I'll give out the username and password in class. If you're not in the class, email me and I can clue you in.

5. Here's a first script to run


#Grab the 200 most recent tweets about #bachmann
k = 200
my_tweets <- searchTwitter("#bachmann", n=k)

#Convert tweet status objects to text
my_text <- data.frame( text=unlist( lapply( c(1:k), function(x){my_tweets[[x]]$text} ) ) )

#Convert text to a tm corpus object
my_corpus <- Corpus( DataframeSource( my_text ) )
my_corpus <- tm_map(my_corpus, removePunctuation)
my_corpus <- tm_map(my_corpus, tolower)
my_corpus <- tm_map(my_corpus, function(x) removeWords(x, stopwords("english")))

#Convert corpus to matrix
tdm <- TermDocumentMatrix(my_corpus)#, control = list(weighting = weightTfIdf))
m <- as.matrix(tdm)

#Get features and frequencies
v <- sort(rowSums(m),decreasing=TRUE)
d <- data.frame(word = names(v),freq=v)

#Display as a word cloud
wordcloud(d$word,d$freq,min.freq=5,use.r.layout=T,vfont=c("sans serif","plain"))

#Basic bluster analysis of words
m2 <- m[colSums(m)>15,]

dist_matrix <- dist(m2, method = "euclidean") # distance matrix
fit <- hclust(dist_matrix, method="ward")
plot(fit) # display dendogram
We're going to be trying this in class. I have 20 minutes budgeted, so hopefully it's really this easy.

PS - Don't forget to terminate your EC2 instance when you're done, or you will use up your free hours, then run up a smallish (~50 cents/day) Amazon bill until you remember

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